INDIGENIZING DEMOCRACY OF UZBEKISTAN: HOW AUTHORITARIANISM WORKS

By Assel Rustemova, Ph.D.
Gediz University

TUESDAY, 19 AUGUST
16:00–17:00 / HALL #237
VALIKHANOV BUILDING / KIMEP

 

This presentation aims to show how Karimov’s language and institutions that were supposed to bring democracy are creating an obedient nation and strengthening authoritarian regime. In order to develop this point, this article looks at the way president Karimov’s regime indigenizes democracy claiming that an Uzbek nation requires distinct and separate version of democratic political system. By describing an Uzbek nation as thr one that is based on the values of community, solidarity and fairness, Karimov’s regime gains the opportunity to provide ideological coherence and to punish the opposition, strengthen the power of patronage networks and instill fear and compliance into the population. Specifically, this presentation will derive three main ideas that describe the Uzbek nation. Then it will outline the mechanism that inverts the indigenized democracy into authoritarian regime by analyzing institutions and operation of local councils, the mahallas.